In ancient times people began to predict the future, guided by the movements of the planets and stars, - the first evidence of an attempt to find out the future were found in Sumerian-Babylonian mythology, where the heavenly bodies are identified with the gods. Methodology of astronomy is incompatible with modern scientific methodology that have repeatedly been proven by scientists. A textbook examples of evidence - debunking of statistical hypothesis after Michel Gauquelin "Mars effect", Bertram Forer experiment called "Barnum effect".
Pseudoscience became widespread in the early XIX century thanks to the research of the Austrian physician and anatomist Franz Josef Gall, who established a link between mental portrait of the personality and physical characteristics possessed by the skull. Gall believed that any internal changes in the brain, in particular, changes in the volume of its hemispheres, provoke visible changes in the relevant sections of the skull, in connection with which one can judge the development or underdevelopment of the person and of the presence of his specific skills, abilities and personal characteristics.
Dispelling of phrenology happened together with the development of neurophysiology, it is scientifically proven that the mental state of the brain does not depend on the terrain, and even more so from the structure of the skull.
Homeopathy is a Pseudo medical direction in science calling for adopting specific homeopathic remedies to prevent the development of diseases in the future. The founder of the direction is German doctor Christian Hahnemann. In the late XVIII century, he developed a system of homeopathy treatment. The basis of homeopathy is contrary to modern rational pharmacotherapeutic medicine principle of "like cures like", so the drug in homeopathy, in fact, is a catalyst for the development of a lightweight form of the disease from which the patient is going to be treated.
Parapsychology studies the supernatural phenomena such as telepathy, telekinesis, clairvoyance, teleportation, and suggestion. This parascience trying to convince the public that the move in time and space are possible and endowed with special talents of people who can predict the future, and manage the power of thought of others. Calling to believe in astral duplicity, near-death experiences and reincarnation, parapsychologists have conducted many experiments and experiments in order to prove that there are superhuman capabilities.
For example, some time telepathy was explained by scientists using the "wave theory", which reported the presence of specific waves that capturing by a man could make him a certain way, similar to the way arising from another person, but this theory has not been proven and has been recognized baseless. In the 1930s, for the presence of superpowers a dicer was investigated, who argued that the power of thought can stack the cubes so that they showed the right amount, but more than 650,000 cube ejections denied his application, finding that similarities are coincidences.
Ufology is a parascience mainly studying UFOs, and recorded facts and upcoming opportunities to communicate with people on Earth by aliens and aliens, ghosts and poltergeists. The main object of study of Ufology is paleocontacts - contacts of extraterrestrial beings with humans and even visiting of our planet in the past. Through years of research ufologists could not confirm that the earth is under the supervision of other creatures.
Numerology is a pseudoscientific doctrine of the mystical sense of numbers and their influence on people's lives. Numerology has received the impetus for the emergence many centuries ago because of the Hebrew alphabet in which the letters were used including for writing numbers, because of which have had their numerical values. The founder of the principal provisions of numerology is considered a philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras who discovered the relationship between numbers and notes.