These related disciplines involved in the search for animals and plants, known to us only from legends, myths and stories of eyewitnesses, as well as the search for animals and plants, which according to the recognition of scientists considered extinct. Cryptozoology is not limited to the search for dinosaurs, dragons and unicorns, creatures, and they are engaged in more modern legends - Bigfoot and the Loch Ness monster. Scientists themselves engaged in cryptozoology or kriptobotanikoy recognize it pseudoscience, but still considered a useful discipline and continue to search the lake demons (Ogopogo) and goat-vampire (Chupacabra).
It is an unscientific method of establishing the relationship between the lines on the palm of the person and her/his destiny. Palmistry explores palms skin relief, particularly papillary line - it is believed that each of the lines is responsible for some direction in life, and studying its drawing, you can predict the success of human’s destiny in a particular area. The patterns on the hands, the shape of the palm and fingers allow you to understand the inner world: the thumb and line extending from it is the line of life, the index finger corresponds to the heart line, the middle finger - fate line, the ring finger - the line of happiness.
Pseudoscience, built on the basis of the teachings of Jung's typology and archetypes, offers the opportunity on the basis of a specific test method to identify own so-called type of "information metabolism" of each person - the process of individual signals to the outside world exchanges - and rank it one of the 16 described in detail sociotypes. It is not considered an official science - it has no general scientific theory or fixed uniform methods.
It is an alternative direction in science, trying to prove the connection of the external appearance of a person with her/his character and spiritual qualities. Physiognomy is trying to "read" a person, especially the body structure, the meaning of gestures, postures and general bodily experience, which makes a person, as well as determine the level of human intelligence solely on his appearance and movement. Modern scientific community does not believe in the amazing features of physiognomy, especially after the studies conducted on identical twins, who despite the outward identity, often have diametrically opposite character.
Mostly pseudo-Russian direction, engaged in reshaping the historical realities, often with a view to the publication of books of mass orientation. Alternative history tends to fiction, and fraud in the apparent preservation of scientific form. Author of pseudohistory pretends that he opens the reader to a new story, but in reality he only manipulates the facts and breaking the logical connection, creates a "new story", which is contrary to the established certain events.