In historical documents tensions between Pope Julius II and Michelangelo is described. Scientists note that Michelangelo painted the pope on one of his paintings in the image of the prophet Zechariah, and one of the angels behind him shows an extremely obscene gesture - namely, the real fig.
The 112 Dutch idioms are encrypted in the image, such as "swim against the tide", "bang head against a brick wall" and "armed to the teeth." Moreover, it is possible that some of the images convey meaning more than one proverb.
The painting by Caravaggio, the Italian painter of the Baroque period, carries a mystery for art historians. The painting depicts the moment when the resurrected Jesus stays incognito in the city of Emmaus, but he meets two of his disciples and eat bread with them, after which they peg him. On a dark background canvas a strange shadow-like silhouette of fish is seen that may indicate a vow of silence that is a binding for Christians.