In October 2013 in the Leicestershire one treasure hunter armed with a metal detector found a meter leaded coffin with Roman child, a girl. Archaeologists have decided to call her "Oriens", which meant "to rise” (as the sun).
It is believed that Oriens was buried in about the third or fourth century, and probably came from a wealthy family who could afford to order the child's lead coffin, which was a rarity. Many children in those days were buried wrapped in a shroud.
Almost 3,000 years ago, seven-years-old Tjayasetimu was a singer in the temple choir and sang for the pharaohs of ancient Egypt. And although many of its secrets she carried to the grave, the curators of the British Museum, where the girl mummy was exhibited in 2014, still managed to find some items that tell something about her.
We do not know where she lived and where she worked as the mummy of the British Museum acquired one reseller in 1888. However Tjayasetimu body incredibly well preserved.
In the Roman Empire infanticide was widely practiced as a way of limiting family size, since there were no other methods of birth control. In addition, it helped to save scarce resources and improve the lives of other family members. Children under the age of six months were not considered by the Roman society as full-fledged human beings.
Approximately 4,000 years ago in prehistoric Britain's children have set the task to decorate jewelry and weapons with tiny gold studs with a thickness of a human hair.
In some cases, more than 1,000 of such studs were placed per square centimeter of wood. Scientists have found all of this during excavations fragments of richly decorated wooden handle of a dagger. Excavations were carried out at the beginning of the 19th century in the Bush Hill near Stonehenge.
Assuming that Neanderthals are greatly underestimated, some archaeologists from York University wanted to rewrite the history of the prehistoric people. Until recently it was believed that the life of Neanderthal children was dangerous, difficult and short. But the team from York after studying a number of social and cultural facts of life of the Neanderthals in the territory of today's Europe has come to a different conclusion.
Studying prehistoric burials of infants and children, Dr. Penny Spikins leading researcher, found that Neanderthals bury their children with great care. Therefore, among the discovered remains skeletons of children are more preserved than adults ones.